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See the recommended documentation of this function

Справка Scilab >> Input/Output functions > file

file

file management

Calling Sequence

[unit [,err]]=file("open", file-name [,status] [,access [,recl]] [,format])
file("close", unit)
file("rewind", unit)
file("backspace", unit)
file("last", unit)
[units [,typ [,nams [,mod [,swap]]]]] = file([unit])

Arguments

file-name

string, file name of the file to be opened

status

string, The status of the file to be opened

"new"

file must not exist new file (default)

"old"

file must already exists.

"unknown"

unknown status

"scratch"

file is to be deleted at end of session

access

string, The type of access to the file

"sequential"

sequential access (default)

"direct"

direct access.

format

string,

"formatted"

for a formatted file (default)

"unformatted"

binary record.

recl

integer,is the size of records in bytes when access="direct"

unit

integer, logical unit descriptor of the opened file

units

integer vector, logical unit descriptor of the opened files. Units 5 and 6 (%io) are reserved by the system for input and output devices.

typs

Character string vector, type (C or Fortran) of opened files.

nams

Character string vector, pathnames of opened files.

mod

file opening mode. Formed by three digits abc

Fortran files
a

0 stands for formatted and 1 for unformatted (binary)

b

0 stands for sequential access and 1 for direct access

c

0 stands for "new", 1 for "old", 2 for "scratch" and 3 for "unknown"

C files
a

1 stands for "r" (read), 2 stands for "w" (write) and 3 for "a" (append)

b

is 1 if file has been opened with a "+" (updating) mode

b

is 1 if file has been opened with a "b" (binary) mode

swap

automatic swap switch. swap=1 if automatic swap is on. swap is always 0 for Fortran files.

err

integer, error message number (see error), if open fails. If err is omitted an error message is issued.

Description

selects a logical unit unit and manages the file file-name.

[unit [,err]]=file("open", file-name [,status] [,access [,recl]][,format])

allows to open a file with specified properties and to get the associated unit number unit. This unit number may be used for further actions on this file or as file descriptor in read, write, readb, writb,save, load function calls.

file("close", unit)

allows to close the file, or move the current file pointer.

file("rewind", unit)

puts the pointer at the beginning of file.

file("backspace", unit)

puts the pointer at the beginning of last record.

file("last", unit)

puts the pointer after last record.

file()

returns the logical unit descriptors of the opened files. So file("close",file()) closes all user opened files (C or Fortran type).

This function can not open a UTF filename. In this case, please uses mopen.

Examples

u=file("open",TMPDIR+"/foo","unknown")
for k=1:4
  a=rand(1,4)
  write(u,a)
end
file("rewind",u)
x=read(u,2,4)
file("close",u)
//
u1=file("open",TMPDIR+"/foo","unknown")
u2=mopen(TMPDIR+"/foo1","wb")
[units,typs,nams]=file()
file("close",u1);
mclose(u2);

See Also

  • save — Save a variable or a serie of variables in a binary file
  • load — Load a saved variable or a serie of variables
  • write — write in a formatted file
  • read — matrices read
  • writb — fortran file binary write
  • readb — fortran file binary read
  • uigetfile — dialog window to get a file(s) name(s), path and filter index
  • mopen — открывает файл в Scilab'е
  • mclose — закрывает открытые файлы
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Last updated:
Thu Oct 02 14:01:08 CEST 2014