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See the recommended documentation of this function

Aide Scilab >> Entrées/Sorties [fichiers] > mopen

mopen

open a file

Calling Sequence

[fd,err]=mopen(file [, mode, swap ])

Arguments

file

a character string. The pathname of the file to open.

mode

a character string that controls whether the file is opened for reading (r), writing (w), or appending (a) and whether the file is opened for updating (+). The mode can also include a b parameter to indicate a binary file.

swap

a scalar. If swap is present and swap=0 then automatic bytes swap is disabled.

err

a scalar. Error indicator. see merror.

fd

scalar. The fd parameter returned by the function mopen is used as a file descriptor (it's a positive integer).

Description

mopen may be used to open a file in a way compatible with the C fopen procedure. Without swap argument the file is supposed to be coded in "little endian IEEE format" and data are swaped if necessary to match the IEEE format of the processor.

The mode parameter controls the access allowed to the stream. The parameter can have one of the following values. In this list of values, the b character indicates a binary file

r

Opens the file for reading.

rb

Opens a binary file for reading.

rt

Opens a text file for reading.

w

Creates a new file for writing, or opens and truncates a file to zero length.

wb

Creates a new binary file for writing, or opens and truncates a file to zero length.

wt

Creates a text binary file for writing, or opens and truncates a file to zero length.

a or ab

Appends (opens a file for writing at the end of the file, or creates a file for writing).

r+ or r+b

Opens a file for update (reading and writing).

w+ or w+b

Truncates to zero length or creates a file for update.

a+ or a+b

Appends (opens a file for update, writing at the end of the file, or creates a file for writing).

When you open a file for update, you can perform both input and output operations on the resulting stream. However, an output operation cannot be directly followed by an input operation without a file-positioning operation (mseek() function). Also, an input operation cannot be directly followed by an output operation without an intervening file positioning operation, unless the input operation encounters the end of the file.

When you open a file for append (that is, when the mode parameter is a or a+), it is impossible to overwrite information already in the file. You can use the fseek() function to reposition the file pointer to any position in the file, but when output is written to the file, the current file pointer is ignored. All output is written at the end of the file and the file pointer is repositioned to the end of the output.

To open files in a way compatible with Fortran like functions use function file.

// open a SCI+'/ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS' as text and read only
fd_r = mopen(SCI+'/ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS','rt')

// read five lines of fd_r
mgetl(fd_r, 5)

// another way to read file
// here read five words
mfscanf(5,fd_r,'%s')

// close file descriptor associated to SCI+'/ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS' as text and read only
mclose(fd_r);
// open a file as text with write property
fd_w = mopen(TMPDIR+'/write.txt','wt');

// write a line in fd_w 
mputl('This is a line of text', fd_w);
mclose(fd_w);

// read text 
fd_r2 = mopen(TMPDIR+'/write.txt','rt');
mgetl(fd_r2) 
mclose(fd_r2);
// read write a file as binary

// first we write file
fd_wb = mopen(TMPDIR+'/writeread.bin','wb')

// put values as binary
mput(2003,'l',fd_wb);
mput(2008,'i',fd_wb);
mput(2012,'s',fd_wb);
mput(98,'c',fd_wb);

// close file descriptor associated to TMPDIR+'/writeread.bin'
mclose(fd_wb);

// we read file
fd_rb = mopen(TMPDIR+'/writeread.bin','rb')

mget(fd_rb, 'l')
mget(fd_rb, 'i')
mget(fd_rb, 's')
mget(fd_rb, 'c')

mclose(fd_rb)

See Also

  • mclose — close an opened file
  • merror — tests the file access errors indicator
  • meof — check if end of file has been reached
  • mfprintf — converts, formats, and writes data to a file
  • fprintfMat — Write a matrix in a file.
  • mfscanf — reads input from the standard input (interface to the C scanf function)
  • fscanfMat — Reads a Matrix from a text file.
  • mget — reads byte or word in a given binary format and convert to double
  • mgetl — read lines from an text file
  • mgetstr — read a character string from a file
  • mopen — open a file
  • mprintf — converts, formats, and writes data to the main scilab window
  • mput — writes byte or word in a given binary format
  • mputl — writes strings in an ascii file
  • mputstr — write a character string in a file
  • mscanf
  • mseek — set current position in binary file.
  • mtell — binary file management
  • mdelete — Delete file(s)
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Last updated:
Wed Oct 05 12:11:00 CEST 2011