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Scilab manual >> Scilab > errcatch


error trapping

Calling Sequence

errcatch(n [,'action'] [,'option'])




action, option



errcatch gives an "action" (error-handler) to be performed when an error of type n occurs. n has the following meaning:

if n>0, n is the error number to trap

if n<0 all errors are to be trapped

action is one of the following character strings:


a pause is executed when trapping the error. This option is useful for debugging purposes. Use whereami() to get information on the current context.


next instruction in the function or exec files is executed, current instruction is ignored. It is possible to check if an error has occured using the iserror function. Do not forget to clear the error using the errclear function as soon as possible This option is useful for error recovery. In many cases, usage of errcatch(n,"continue",..) can be replaced by the use of execstr function or try control structure.


default mode, all intermediate functions are killed, scilab goes back to the level 0 prompt.


interrupts the current Scilab session (useful when Scilab is called from an external program).

option is the character string 'nomessage' for killing error message.

To set back default mode, enter errcatch(-1,"kill") or similarly errcatch(-1).errcatch() is an obsolete equivalent of errcatch(-1).

The errcatch actions apply to the current evalution context (function, exec, pause ) and all the sub-levels. A second errcatch call in a sub-level hides the initial one for this sub-level. If a second errcatch call is made at the same level, the effect of the first one is removed.

When called in the context of a Scilab function or exec the errcatch is automatically reset when the function returns.


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