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See the recommended documentation of this function

# bar

bar histogram

### Syntax

```bar(y)
bar(x, y)
bar(x, y, width, colors, style)
bar(x, y [,width] [,colors] [,style])
bar(h, ..)```

### Arguments

h

an axes handle, (default: h=gca() ).

y

scalar, vector of size N, or matrix N*M of real numbers or encoded integers, with

• N : number of groups (each group of bars gathered on/around an x position)
• M : number of categories in each group

x

a real scalar or a vector of size N. By default,

• If `y` is a vector: `x=1:length(y)`
• If `y` is a matrix: `x=1:size(y,"r")`

width

(optional), a real scalar, defines the width (a percentage of the available room) for the bar (default: 0.8, i.e 80%).

colors

(optional) Single string or vector of M strings: colors names (among predefined ones) or "#RRGGBB" hexadecimal codes of categories colors. Default = default plot() colors series, starting with "blue".

style

a string, 'grouped' (default), or 'stacked'.

### Description

`bar(y,...) :` if y is a vector, then bar() draws a polyline which has the `polyline_style` type 6, versus x=1:length(y). If y is a matrix N*M, bar() draws M polylines (type 6), versus x=1:size(y,1). Each polyline represents a category, with a specific color.

`bar(x,y,...) :` if y is a vector, then bar() draws a polyline which has the `polyline_style` type 6, where x length = y length. If y is a matrix NxM then bar function draws M polylines which have the type 6. Each polyline corresponds to a column of y versus vector x.

`bar(h,...) :` specifies the targeted axes where the drawing is performed.

`bar(...,width,...) :` defines the relative width of the bar(s): 0<width<=1.

`bar(...,style,...) :` defines how the bar is drawn. If y is a matrix N*M (so M polylines of type 6), then there are two ways to draw the M bars. the style option = 'grouped' allows to center the M polylines versus each components of x, and the style option 'stacked' allows to stack them.

`bar(...,colors,...) :` defines the colors identifying categories and filling the corresponding subsets of bars.

If there are several bar() calls, the `barhomogenize` function allows to homogenize the width and style of all bars (i.e polylines of type 6) included in the current working axes.

### Examples

```// First example: draw a bar (i.e a polyline with polyline_style type =6) with
// width=0.5 and colors='yellow' and default style='grouped', x=1:length(y).
scf(0);
y=[1 -3 5];
bar(y,0.5,'yellow');```
```// Second example: draw 3 bars (i.e 3 polylines with polyline_style type =6),default style='grouped'
scf(1);
x=[1 2 5];
y=[1  -5 6;3 -2 7;4  -3 8];
bar(x,y);```
```// Third example : style='stacked'.
scf(2);
x=[1 2 5];
y=[1 4 7;2 5 8;3 6  9];
bar(x,y,'stacked');```
```// Fourth example: width=0.2;colors='green'; default style='grouped'
scf(3);
x=[1 2 5];
y=[1 4 7;2 5 8;3 6 9];
bar(x,y,0.2,'green');```