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# convol

convolution

### Syntax

[y]=convol(h,x) [y,e1]=convol(h,x,e0)

### Arguments

- h
a vector, first input sequence ("short" one)

- x
a vector, second input sequence ( "long" one)

- e0
a vector,old tail to overlap add (not used in first call)

- y
a vector, the convolution.

- e1
new tail to overlap add (not used in last call)

### Description

Calculates the convolution `y= h*x`

of two discrete
sequences by using the fft. The convolution is defined as follows:

Overlap add method can be used.

USE OF OVERLAP ADD METHOD: For
`x=[x1,x2,...,xNm1,xN]`

First call is
`[y1,e1]=convol(h,x1);`

Subsequent calls :
`[yk,ek]=convol(h,xk,ekm1)`

; Final call :
`[yN]=convol(h,xN,eNm1);`

Finally
`y=[y1,y2,...,yNm1,yN]`

.

The algorithm based on the convolution definition is
implemented for polynomial
product: `y=convol(h,x)`

is equivalent
to `y=coeff(poly(h,'z','c')*poly(x,'z','c')`

but
much more efficient if `x`

is a "long" array.

### Examples

### See also

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<< conv2 | Convolution - intercorrélation | convol2d >> |