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# fsolve

find a zero of a system of n nonlinear functions

### Syntax

[x [,v [,info]]]=fsolve(x0,fct [,fjac] [,tol])

### Arguments

- x0
real vector (initial value of function argument).

- fct
external (i.e function or list or string).

- fjac
external (i.e function or list or string).

- tol
real scalar. precision tolerance: termination occurs when the algorithm estimates that the relative error between x and the solution is at most tol. (

`tol=1.d-10`

is the default value).- x :
real vector (final value of function argument, estimated zero).

- v :
real vector (value of function at x).

- info
termination indicator

- 0
improper input parameters.

- 1
algorithm estimates that the relative error between x and the solution is at most tol.

- 2
number of calls to fcn reached

- 3
tol is too small. No further improvement in the approximate solution x is possible.

- 4
iteration is not making good progress.

### Description

find a zero of a system of n nonlinear functions in n variables by a modification of the powell hybrid method. Jacobian may be provided.

0 = fct(x) w.r.t x.

`fct`

is an "external". This external returns
`v=fct(x)`

given `x`

.

The simplest syntax for `fct`

is:

[v]=fct(x).

If `fct`

is a character string, it refers to a C or
Fortran routine which must be linked to Scilab. Fortran calling sequence
must be

fct(n,x,v,iflag) integer n,iflag double precision x(n),v(n)

and C Syntax must be

Incremental link is possible (help `link`

).

`jac`

is an "external". This external returns
`v=d(fct)/dx (x)`

given `x`

.

The simplest syntax for `jac`

is:

[v]=jac(x).

If `jac`

is a character string, it refers to a to a
C or Fortran routine which must be linked to Scilab calling sequences are
the same as those for fct. Note however that v must be a nxn array.

### Examples

// A simple example with fsolve a=[1,7;2,8]; b=[10;11]; function y=fsol1(x) y=a*x+b endfunction function y=fsolj1(x) y=a endfunction [xres]=fsolve([100;100],fsol1); a*xres+b [xres]=fsolve([100;100],fsol1,fsolj1); a*xres+b // See SCI/modules/optimization/sci_gateway/fortran/Ex-fsolve.f [xres]=fsolve([100;100],'fsol1','fsolj1',1.e-7); a*xres+b

For some starting points and some equations system, the fsolve method can fail. The fsolve method is a local search method. So, to have a good chance to find a solution to your equations system, you must ship, a good starting point to fsolve.

Here is an example on which fsolve can fail:

// Another example with fsolve function F=feuler(x, r) F=x-r-dt*(x.^2-x.^3); endfunction function J=dFdx(x) //Definition of the Jacobian J=1-dt*(2*x-3*x^2); endfunction r = 0.04257794928862307 ; dt = 10; [x,v,info]=fsolve(r,list(feuler,r),dFdx); // fsolve do not find the solution disp(v); // The residual disp(info); // The termination indicator [x,v,info]=fsolve(1,list(feuler,r),dFdx); // fsolve find the solution disp(v); // The residual disp(info); // The termination indicator clf(); x=linspace(0,1,1000); plot(x,feuler(x)) a=gca(); a.grid=[5 5];

So, each time you use fsolve, be sure to check the termination indicator and the residual value to see if fsolve has converged.

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