Scilab Home page | Wiki | Bug tracker | Forge | Mailing list archives | ATOMS | File exchange
Please login or create an account
Change language to: English - Français - 日本語 - Русский

Please note that the recommended version of Scilab is 6.0.1. This page might be outdated.
See the recommended documentation of this function

Ajuda do Scilab >> Funções Elementares > Elementary matrices > linspace

linspace

generates linearly spaced numbers between 2 reached bounds

Syntax

row = linspace(x1, x2)
row = linspace(x1, x2, n)
Matrix = linspace(Col1, Col2)
Matrix = linspace(Col1, Col2, n)

Arguments

x1, x2

Real or complex scalars: Bounds between which values must be generated.

Col1, Col2

Column vectors of same heights of real or complex numbers.

n

integer number of requested values or columns. Default value: 100

row

row vector of n numbers.

Matrix

Matrix with n columns of numbers.

Description

linspace(x1, x2) generates a row vector of n equally spaced values ranging exactly from x1 to x2.

The syntax y1:y2 or y1:step:y2 like 1:0.1:%pi does the same but fixes the starting bound y1 and the step. The y2 is used as stopping bound to not be overstepped. The last value actually generated may not reach it. y2 is then not included in the result.

Instead of fixing the step to a given value, linspace fixes the final bound x2 to be exactly reached, and computes the step accordingly.

If x1 or x2 are complex numbers, then linspace(x1,x2) interpolates separately the real and the imaginary parts of x1 and x2.

If some column vectors Col1 and Col2 are provided, linspace works in a row-wise way: the resulting Matrix has the same number of rows, and n columns. We get Matrix(i,:) = linspace(Col1(i), Col2(i), n).

Examples

linspace(1, %pi, 0)         // n = 0
linspace(1, 2, 10)          // x2 > x1 : increasing values
linspace(2, 1, 10)          // x2 < x1 : decreasing values
linspace(1+%i, 2-2*%i, 5)      // with complex numbers
linspace([1:4]', [5:8]', 10)   // with input columns
--> linspace(1, %pi, 0)    // n = 0
 ans  =
    []

--> linspace(1, 2, 10)    // x2 > x1 : increasing values
 ans  =
   1.   1.111   1.222   1.333   1.444   1.556   1.667   1.778   1.889   2.


--> linspace(2, 1, 10)    // x2 < x1 : decreasing values
 ans  =
   2.   1.889   1.778   1.667   1.556   1.444   1.333   1.222   1.111   1.


--> linspace(1+%i, 2-2*%i, 5)      // with complex numbers
 ans  =
   1. +i     1.25 +0.25i   1.5 -0.5i   1.75 -1.25i   2. -2.i


--> linspace([1:4]', [5:8]', 10)   // with input columns
 ans  =
   1.   1.444   1.889   2.333   2.778   3.222   3.667   4.111   4.556   5.
   2.   2.444   2.889   3.333   3.778   4.222   4.667   5.111   5.556   6.
   3.   3.444   3.889   4.333   4.778   5.222   5.667   6.111   6.556   7.
   4.   4.444   4.889   5.333   5.778   6.222   6.667   7.111   7.556   8.

See also

  • colon — (:) operador dois pontos
  • logspace — vetor espaçado logaritmicamente
  • grand — Random numbers

History

VersãoDescrição
5.4.0
  • Column vectors can now be provided.
  • The third input argument (n) must be an integer value.
6.0
  • linspace(a, b, n<=0) now returns [] instead of b.
  • bounds are now checked against %inf or %nan values.
Scilab Enterprises
Copyright (c) 2011-2017 (Scilab Enterprises)
Copyright (c) 1989-2012 (INRIA)
Copyright (c) 1989-2007 (ENPC)
with contributors
Last updated:
Tue Feb 14 15:09:42 CET 2017