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See the recommended documentation of this function

Scilab help >> CACSD > Plot and display > black

# black

Black-Nichols diagram of a linear dynamical system

### Arguments

sl

a continuous or discrete time SIMO linear dynamical system ( see: syslin).

fmin,fmax

real scalars (frequency bounds)

frq

row vector or matrix (frequencies)

db,phi

row vectors or matrices (modulus, phase)

repf

row vectors or matrices (complex frequency response)

step

real

string

### Description

Black's diagram (Nichols'chart) for a linear system ( see: syslin). sl can be a continuous-time or discrete-time SIMO system. In case of multi-output the outputs are plotted with different colors.

The frequencies are given by the bounds fmin,fmax (in Hz) or by a row-vector (or a matrix for multi-output) frq.

step is the ( logarithmic ) discretization step. (see calfrq for the choice of default value).

comments is a vector of character strings (captions).

db,phi are the matrices of modulus (in Db) and phases (in degrees). (One row for each response).

repf matrix of complex numbers. One row for each response.

To plot the grid of iso-gain and iso-phase of y/(1+y) use nicolschart().

Default values for fmin and fmax are 1.d-3, 1.d+3 if sl is continuous-time or 1.d-3, 0.5/sl.dt (nyquist frequency) if sl is discrete-time.

### Examples

//Black diagram
s=poly(0,'s');
sl=syslin('c',5*(1+s)/(.1*s^4+s^3+15*s^2+3*s+1))
clf();black(sl,0.01,10);

//Black diagram with Nichols chart as a grid
s=poly(0,'s');
Plant=syslin('c',16000/((s+1)*(s+10)*(s+100)));
//two degree of freedom PID
tau=0.2;xsi=1.2;
PID=syslin('c',(1/(2*xsi*tau*s))*(1+2*xsi*tau*s+tau^2*s^2));
clf();
black([Plant;Plant*PID ],0.01,100,["Plant";"Plant and PID corrector"]);
//move the caption in the lower rigth corner
ax=gca();Leg=ax.children(1);
Leg.legend_location="in_lower_right";
nicholschart(colors=color('light gray')*[1 1])