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See the recommended documentation of this function

dasrt

DAE solver with zero crossing

Calling Sequence

[r,nn,[,hd]]=dasrt(x0,t0,t [,atol,[rtol]],res [,jac],ng, surf [,info] [,hd])

Arguments

x0

is either y0 (ydot0 is estimated by dassl with zero as first estimate) or the matrix [y0 ydot0]. g(t,y0,ydot0) must be equal to zero. If you only know an estimate of ydot0 set info(7)=1.

y0

a real column vector of initial conditions.

ydot0

a real column vector of the time derivative of y at t0 (may be an estimate).

t0

a real number, it is the initial instant.

t

a real scalar or vector. Gives instants for which you want the solution. Note that you can get solution at each dassl's step point by setting info(2)=1.

nn

a vector with two entries [times num] times is the value of the time at which the surface is crossed, num is the number of the crossed surface.

atol, rtol

real scalars or column vectors of same size as y. atol, rtol give respectively absolute and relative error tolerances of solution. If vectors the tolerances are specified for each component of y.

res

external (function or list or string). Computes the value of g(t,y,ydot). It may be :

• A Scilab function.

Its calling sequence must be [r,ires]=res(t,y,ydot) and res must return the residue r=g(t,y,ydot) and error flag ires. ires = 0 if res succeeds to compute r, =-1 if residue is locally not defined for (t,y,ydot), =-2 if parameters are out of admissible range.

• A list.

This form allows to pass parameters other than t,y,ydot to the function. It must be as follows:

list(res,x1,x2,...)

where the calling sequence of the function res is now

r=res(t,y,ydot,x1,x2,...)

res still returns r=g(t,y,ydot) as a function of (t,y,ydot,x1,x2,...).

Warning: this form must not be used if there is no extra argument to pass to the function.

• A string.

It must refer to the name of a C or Fortran subroutine linked with Scilab.

In C The calling sequence must be:

void res(double *t, double y[], double yd[], double r[],
int *ires, double rpar[], int ipar[])

In Fortran it must be:

subroutine res(t,y,yd,r,ires,rpar,ipar)
double precision t, y(*),yd(*),r(*),rpar(*)
integer ires,ipar(*)

The rpar and ipar arrays must be present but cannot be used.

jac

external (function or list or string). Computes the value of dg/dy+cj*dg/dydot for a given value of parameter cj.

• A Scilab function.

Its calling sequence must be r=jac(t,y,ydot,cj) and the jac function must return r=dg(t,y,ydot)/dy+cj*dg(t,y,ydot)/dydot where cj is a real scalar.

• A list.

It must be as follows

list(jac,x1,x2,...)

where the calling sequence of the function jac is now

r=jac(t,y,ydot,cj,x1,x2,...)

jac still returns dg/dy+cj*dg/dydot as a function of (t,y,ydot,cj,x1,x2,...).

• A character string.

It must refer to the name of a Fortran subroutine linked with scilab

In C The calling sequence must be:

void jac(double *t, double y[], double yd[], double pd[],
double *cj, double rpar[], int ipar[])

In Fortran it must be:

subroutine jac(t,y,yd,pd,cj,rpar,ipar)
double precision t, y(*),yd(*),pd(*),cj,rpar(*)
integer ipar(*)
surf

external (function or list or string). Computes the value of the column vector surf(t,y) with ng components. Each component defines a surface. It may be defined by:

• A Scilab function.

Its calling sequence must be surf(t,y)

• A list.

It must be as follows

list(surf,x1,x2,...)

where the calling sequence of the function surf is now

r=surf(t,y,x1,x2,...)
• A character string.

It must refer to the name of a Fortran subroutine linked with scilab.

In C the calling sequence must be:

void surf(int *ny, double *t, double y[], int *ng, double gout[])

In Fortran it must be:

subroutine surf(ny,t,y,ng,gout)
double precision t, y(*),gout(*)
integer ny,ng
info

list which contains 7 elements. Default value is list([],0,[],[],[],0,0).

info(1)

real scalar which gives the maximum time for which g is allowed to be evaluated or an empty matrix [] if no limits imposed for time.

info(2)

flag which indicates if dassl returns its intermediate computed values (flag=1) or only the user specified time point values (flag=0).

info(3)

2 components vector which give the definition [ml,mu] of band matrix computed by jac; r(i - j + ml + mu + 1,j) = "dg(i)/dy(j)+cj*dg(i)/dydot(j)" .If jac returns a full matrix set info(3)=[].

info(4)

real scalar which gives the maximum step size. Set info(4)=[] if no limitation.

info(5)

real scalar which gives the initial step size. Set info(5)=[] if not specified.

info(6)

set info(6)=1 if the solution is known to be non negative, else set info(6)=0.

info(7)

set info(7)=1 if ydot0 is just an estimation, info(7)=0 if g(t0,y0,ydot0)=0.

hd

real vector which allows to store the dassl context and to resume integration.

r

real matrix . Each column is the vector [t;x(t);xdot(t)] where t is time index for which the solution had been computed.

Description

Solution of the implicit differential equation.

g(t,y,ydot)=0
y(t0)=y0  and   ydot(t0)=ydot0

Returns the surface crossing instants and the number of the surface reached in nn.

Detailed examples can be found in SCIDIR/tests/unit_tests/dassldasrt.tst

Examples

//dy/dt = ((2*log(y)+8)/t -5)*y,  y(1) = 1,  1<=t<=6
//g1 = ((2*log(y)+8)/t - 5)*y
//g2 = log(y) - 2.2491
y0=1;t=2:6;t0=1;y0d=3;
atol=1.d-6;rtol=0;ng=2;

deff('[delta,ires]=res1(t,y,ydot)','ires=0;delta=ydot-((2*log(y)+8)/t-5)*y')
deff('[rts]=gr1(t,y)','rts=[((2*log(y)+8)/t-5)*y;log(y)-2.2491]')

[yy,nn]=dasrt([y0,y0d],t0,t,atol,rtol,res1,ng,gr1);
//(Should return nn=[2.4698972 2])

• ode — solveur d'équations différentielles ordinaires
• dassl — differential algebraic equation
• impl — differential algebraic equation
• fort — Fortran or C user routines call