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- Computações Paralelas com PVM
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receive a message.
[buff, info, msgtid, tag] = pvm_recv(tid, msgtag)
integer, task identifier of sending process supplied by the user.
- msgtag : integer, message tag supplied by the user. msgtag should be
scilab variable, where the received message will be stored.
integer, status code returned by the routine. Values less than zero indicate an error.
- msgtid : integer, returning the source of the message. Useful when the
message was received with a wildcard tid.
integer, returning the message label. Useful when the message was received with a wildcard msgtag.
blocks the process until a message with label
-1 can be used to match
all message tags)
has arrived from
-1 can be used to
match all tids).
pvm_recv returns the message in
msgtag is defined by the user,
pvm_recv will accept a
message from any process which has a matching
msgtag = -1
tid is defined by the user, then
pvm_recv will accept any message
that is sent from process
msgtag = -1 then
pvm_recv will accept any message from any process.
When wildcard are used, the application is able to receive any incoming message. If the action taken depends on the source tid and the msgtag associated with the message that comes in first, the information given by msgtid and tag can be very usefull.
The PVM model guarantees the following about message order. If task 1 sends message A to task 2, then task 1 sends message B to task 2, message A will arrive at task 2 before message B. Moreover, if both messages arrive before task 2 does a receive, then a wildcard receive will always return message A.
info will be the status code returned by the routine.
If some error occurs then it will be < 0.
pvm_recv is blocking which means the routine waits until a message matching the user specified tid and msgtag values arrives at the local pvmd. If the message has already arrived then pvm_recv returns immediately with the message.
Once pvm_recv returns, the data in the message can be unpacked into the user's memory using the unpack routines.
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