# contour2d

level curves of a surface on a 2D plot

### Syntax

```contour2d(x, y, z, nz, [style, strf, leg, rect, nax, fpf])
contour2d(x, y, z, nz, <opt_args>)```

### Arguments

x, y

two real row vectors of size `n1` and `n2`: the grid.

z

real matrix of size `(n1,n2)`, the values of the function on the grid or a Scilab function which defines the surface `z=f(x,y)`.

nz

the level values or the number of levels.

If `nz` is an integer

its value gives the number of level curves equally spaced from `zmin` to `zmax` as follows:

`z= zmin + (1:nz)*(zmax-zmin)/(nz+1)`

 Note that the `zmin` and `zmax` levels are not drawn (generically they are reduced to points) but they can be added with

```[im,jm] = find(z == zmin); // or zmax
plot2d(x(im)',y(jm)',-9,"000")```
If `nz` is a vector

`nz(i)` gives the value of the `i`-th level curve.

<opt_args>

This represents a sequence of statements `key1=value1, key2=value2`,... where `key1`, `key2`,... can be one of the following: `style`, `leg`, `rect`, `nax`, `strf` or `axesflag` and `frameflag` (see plot2d)

style, strf, leg, rect, nax

see plot2d. The argument `style` gives the dash styles or colors which are to be used for level curves. It must have the same size as the number of levels.

fpf

You can change the format of the floating point number printed on the levels where `fpf` is the format in C format syntax (for example `fpf="%.3f"`). Set `fpf` to " " implies that the level are not drawn on the level curves. If not given, the default format is `"%.3g"`.

### Description

`contour2d` draws level curves of a surface `z=f(x,y)` on a 2D plot. The values of `f(x,y)` are given by the matrix `z` at the grid points defined by `x` and `y`.

The optional arguments `style`, `strf`, `leg`, `rect`, `nax` can be passed by a sequence of statements ```key1=value1, key2=value2``` ,... where keys may be `style`, `strf`, `leg`, `rect`, `nax`. In this case, the order has no special meaning.

Use `contour` to draw levels curves on a 3D surface.

### Examples

`contour2d(1:10,1:10,rand(10,10),5,rect=[0,0,11,11])`
```clf()
// changing the format of the printing of the levels
contour2d(1:10,1:10,rand(10,10),5,rect=[0,0,11,11],fpf="%.2f")```
```// now an example with level numbers drawn in a legend
// Caution there are a number of tricks...
x = linspace(0,4*%pi,80);
z = cos(x')*cos(x);
clf(); f=gcf();
// trick 1: fpf=" " implies that the level numbers are not
//          drawn on the level curves
f.color_map=jet(7);
// trick 2: to be able to put the legend on the right without
//          interfering with the level curves use rect with a xmax
//          value large enough
contour2d(x,x,z,-0.75:0.25:0.75,frameflag=3,rect=[0,0,5*%pi,4*%pi],fpf=" ")
// trick 3: use legends (note that the more practical legend function
//          will not work as soon as one of the level is formed by 2 curves)
legends(string(-0.75:0.25:0.75),1:7,"lr");
xtitle("Some level curves of the function cos(x)cos(y)")```