# format

set the default output format of decimal numbers

### Syntax

format(mode) format(width) format(mode, width) format(wm) mw = format()

### Arguments

- mode
formatting mode:

- 1 or "v":
**v**ariable adaptative formatting. Scilab chooses either the direct representation (e.g. -143.8757) or the exponential/engineering/scientific notation (e.g. -1.438E+02), in order to cope with each processed value as well as with the required width, with a maximal number of output digits. - 0 or "e": The
**e**xponential /**e**ngineering notation is forced and used for all numbers.

- 1 or "v":
- width
width of numbers = number of output characters used, all included: sign of the mantissa, its digits, decimal separator, exponent symbol, sign and digits of the exponent. Default width = 10. Minimal width in "e" mode = 8.

- wm
a vector to set new format

`wm(1)`

is the width`wm(2)`

is the formatting mode: 0 for`'e'`

and 1 for`'v'`

- mw
vector returning the current formatting parameters:

`mw(1)`

is the formatting mode: 0 for`'e'`

and 1 for`'v'`

`mw(2)`

is the width: Number of characters used to output each number.

### Description

For complex numbers, each real and imaginary decimal part is
output according to `format(..)` . The total width
of a complex number is therefore roughly twice greater (+ 1 character
for "i" symbol). |

Encoded integers are never output according to the "e"xponential mode, even when
this formatting is the default mode set for decimal numbers. For them, the decimal
separator "." is skipped. This allows to distinguish them from decimal integers
that have a dot. |

For wide format(), digits that may be displayed beyond the
relative accuracy `%eps` are set to 0. |

The default decimal format set with
`format(..)` is a global parameter:
Wherever you set it, it then applies everywhere in Scilab and Xcos. |

In the old Scilab versions, in "variable format" mode, vector
entries which are less than `%eps`

times the maximum absolute value of the
entries were displayed as "0". It is no more the case, the clean function
can be used to set negligible entries to zeros.

### Examples

// format() is not taken into account for encoded integers // ------------------------------------------------------- format("e",8) int32(2.^grand(3,5,"uin",0,30)) // format() impacts console's output, disp(), string(), sci2exp(),... // -------------------------------------------------------------- a = %pi; p = %pi + %z - %e*%z^2; format("v",10); a, p disp(a,p) string(a), string(p) [sci2exp(a) sci2exp(p)] format("e",15); a, p disp(a,p) string(a), string(p) [sci2exp(a) sci2exp(p)] format("v",10); // reset // format() set the width, not a fixed number of digits: // ---------------------------------------------------- format("v",10) %pi*1e-217, s = string(%pi*1e-217) length(s) // the missing char is the implicit "+" sign // This is useful to get aligned and fully informative display of matrices [ -1.234 %pi*1e-10 %nan ; %e*1e137 -%inf 54312] // Since Scilab 6.0, unrelevant digits displayed with wide format() are set to 0: format(22) %pi // format() has a global impact // ---------------------------- function myfun() format("e",20) endfunction format("v", 10) disp(%pi) myfun() // it remains everywhere, wherever it has been set: disp(%pi) format("v",10) // reset

### See also

- numbers properties — determine floating-point parameters
- clean — cleans matrices (round to zero small entries)
- mfprintf — converts, formats, and writes data to a file

### History

Version | Description |

6.0 | For wide format(), digits that may be displayed beyond the relative accuracy %eps are now set to 0. |

## Comments

Author :Michael Pratt posted the 10/04/2015 18:18Add a comment:Please login to comment this page.