# qp_solve

linear quadratic programming solver builtin

### Syntax

[x [,iact [,iter [,f [,info]]]]] = qp_solve(Q, p, C, b, me)

### Arguments

- Q
real positive definite symmetric matrix (dimension

`n x n`

).- p
real (column) vector (dimension

`n`

)- C
real matrix (dimension

`(me + md) x n`

). This matrix may be dense or sparse.- b
RHS column vector (dimension

`m=(me + md)`

)- me
number of equality constraints (i.e.

`x'*C(:,1:me) = b(1:me)'`

)- x
optimal solution found.

- iact
vector, indicator of active constraints. The non zero entries give the index of the active constraints. The entries of the iact vector are ordered this way: equality constraints come first, then come the inequality constraints.

- iter
2x1 vector, first component gives the number of "main" iterations, the second one says how many constraints were deleted after they became active.

- info
integer, error flag. If it is present and qp_solve encounters an error, then a warning is issued. The current results are returned, so in this case they are probably inaccurate.

### Description

This function requires `Q`

to be symmetric positive
definite. If this hypothesis is not satisfied, one may use the contributed
**quapro toolbox**.

### Examples

// Find x in R^6 such that: // x'*C1 = b1 (3 equality constraints i.e me=3) C1= [ 1,-1, 2; -1, 0, 5; 1,-3, 3; 0,-4, 0; 3, 5, 1; 1, 6, 0]; b1=[1;2;3]; // x'*C2 >= b2 (2 inequality constraints i.e md=2) C2= [ 0 ,1; -1, 0; 0,-2; -1,-1; -2,-1; 1, 0]; b2=[ 1;-2.5]; // and minimize 0.5*x'*Q*x - p'*x with p=[-1;-2;-3;-4;-5;-6]; Q=eye(6,6); me=3; [x,iact,iter,f]=qp_solve(Q,p,[C1 C2],[b1;b2],me) // Only linear constraints (1 to 4) are active

### See also

- optim — non-linear optimization routine
- qld — linear quadratic programming solver
- qpsolve — linear quadratic programming solver

The contributed toolbox "quapro" may also be of interest, in
particular for singular `Q`

.

### Memory requirements

Let r be

r=min(m,n)

Then the memory required by qp_solve during the computations is

2*n+r*(r+5)/2 + 2*m +1

### References

Goldfarb, D. and Idnani, A. (1982). "Dual and Primal-Dual Methods for Solving Strictly Convex Quadratic Programs", in J.P. Hennart (ed.), Numerical Analysis, Proceedings, Cocoyoc, Mexico 1981, Vol. 909 of Lecture Notes in Mathematics, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 226-239.

Goldfarb, D. and Idnani, A. (1983). "A numerically stable dual method for solving strictly convex quadratic programs", Mathematical Programming 27: 1-33.

QuadProg (Quadratic Programming Routines), Berwin A Turlach,http://www.maths.uwa.edu.au/~berwin/software/quadprog.html

### Used Functions

qpgen2.f and >qpgen1.f (also named QP.solve.f) developed by Berwin A. Turlach according to the Goldfarb/Idnani algorithm

### History

Version | Description |

5.5.0 | Fifth output argument `info` added for error information. |

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