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Ajuda do Scilab >> Xcos > palettes > Integer_pal > SHIFT

# SHIFT

Shift/Rotates Bits

### Block Screenshot ### Description

This block shifts the bits of the input signal. In this operation the digits are moved to the right or to the left. The user can choose the rule to shifts the bits that can be normal or cycle by setting the Shift Type parameter to `0` or `1`. The number and the direction of the shifts are set with the Number of Bits to Shift Left. If this number is positive the input is shifted to the left, otherwise it is shifted to the right.

When the Shift Type parameter is :

• 0 : an arithmetic shift is applied to the input signal. In this case, the bits that are shifted out of either end are discarded. Zeros are shifted in on the right, in the case of left shift; in the case of right shifts, copies of the sign bit is shifted in on the left.

By example, the one bit shift right gives: and the one bit shift left gives: • 1 : a circular shift is applied to the input signal. In this case, the bits are rotated as if the left and right ends of the register are joined. The value that is shifted in on the right during a left-shift is whatever values was shifted out on the left, and vice versa.

By example, the one bit rotation right gives: and the one bit rotation left gives: .

The shift register makes a multiplication by `2n` (arithmetic left shift) or an integer division by `2n` (arithmetic right shift), where `n` is the number of bit shifts. It can also be used to serialize data or to create a memory buffer.

### Data types

The block supports the following types :

• Input : scalar. All Scilab's integer type (Data Type parameter).

• Output : same type and dimensions than input.

### Parameters • Data Type (3:int32, 4:int16, 5:int8, ...)

It indicates the type of the input/output : between 3 and 8.

Properties : Type 'vec' of size 1.

• Number of Bits to Shift Left (Negative number to shift right)

It indicates the number of bits the input signal is shifted/rotated. A positive value indicates a shift left, a negative value a shift right. The index must be, when the type is :

• int32 or uint32: positive and less than 32.

• int16 or uint16: positive and less than 16.

• int8 or uint8: positive and less than 8.

Properties : Type 'vec' of size 1.

• Shift Type (0:Arithmetic, 1:Circular)

O or 1. It indicates the rule used to shift the bits. It can be arithmetic or circular. When it is :

• 0, an arithmetic shift is applied to the input signal.

• 1, a circular shift is applied to the input signal.

Properties : Type 'vec' of size 1.

### Default properties

• always active: no

• direct-feedthrough: yes

• zero-crossing: no

• mode: no

• regular inputs:

- port 1 : size [-1,-2] / type 3

• regular outputs:

- port 1 : size [-1,-2] / type 3

• number/sizes of activation inputs: 0

• number/sizes of activation outputs: 0

• continuous-time state: no

• discrete-time state: no

• object discrete-time state: no

• name of computational function: shift_32_LA

### Example

In this example the Super block is a binary counter with 3 bits output. In order to obtain the corresponding decimal value, the outputs `Q1` and `Q2` of the counter are respectively shifted left of one bit and of two bits. Finally the `Q0` output, and the shifted outputs are added.

To better see the output change, set the parameter Real Time Scale to 0.5 in the Settings menu item of the Simulation menu. Below the details of the binary counter. ### Interfacing function

• SCI/modules/scicos_blocks/macros/IntegerOp/SHIFT.sci

### Computational function

• SCI/modules/scicos_blocks/src/c/shift_32_LA.c
• SCI/modules/scicos_blocks/src/c/shift_32_LC.c
• SCI/modules/scicos_blocks/src/c/shift_32_RA.c
• SCI/modules/scicos_blocks/src/c/shift_u32_RA.c
• SCI/modules/scicos_blocks/src/c/shift_32_RC.c
• SCI/modules/scicos_blocks/src/c/shift_16_LA.c
• SCI/modules/scicos_blocks/src/c/shift_16_LC.c
• SCI/modules/scicos_blocks/src/c/shift_16_RA.c
• SCI/modules/scicos_blocks/src/c/shift_u16_RA.c
• SCI/modules/scicos_blocks/src/c/shift_16_RC.c
• SCI/modules/scicos_blocks/src/c/shift_8_LA.c
• SCI/modules/scicos_blocks/src/c/shift_8_LC.c
• SCI/modules/scicos_blocks/src/c/shift_8_RA.c
• SCI/modules/scicos_blocks/src/c/shift_u8_RA.c
• SCI/modules/scicos_blocks/src/c/shift_8_RC.c