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Справка Scilab >> CACSD > Linear Analysis > Stability > p_margin

p_margin

phase margin and associated crossover frequency

Syntax

[phm,fr] = p_margin(h)
phm=p_margin(h)

Arguments

h

a SISO linear system (see :syslin).

phm

a number, the phase margin in degree if it exists or an empty matrix.

fr

a number, the corresponding frequency (in Hz) or an empty matrix.

Description

Given a SISO linear system in continuous or discrete time, p_margin returns phm, the phase margin in degree of h and fr, the achieved corresponding frequency in Hz.

The phase margin is the values of the phase at frequency points where the nyquist plot of h crosses the unit circle. In other words the phase margin is the difference between the phase of the frequency response of h and -180° when the gain of h is 1.

The algorithm uses polynomial root finder to solve the equations:

h(s)*h(-s)=1

for the continuous time case.

h(z)*h(1/z)=1

for the discrete time case.

Examples

//continuous case
h=syslin('c',-1+%s,3+2*%s+%s^2)
[p,fr]=p_margin(h)
[p,fr]=p_margin(h+0.7)
show_margins(h+0.7,'nyquist')

//discrete case
h = syslin(0.1,0.04798*%z+0.0464,%z^2-1.81*%z+0.9048);//ok
[p ,f]=p_margin(h)
show_margins(h,'nyquist')

See also

  • g_margin — gain margin and associated crossover frequency
  • show_margins — display gain and phase margin and associated crossover frequencies
  • repfreq — frequency response
  • black — Black-Nichols diagram of a linear dynamical system
  • bode — Bode plot
  • nicholschart — Nichols chart
  • nyquist — nyquist plot
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Last updated:
Tue Feb 14 15:13:23 CET 2017