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Справка Scilab >> Statistics > reglin

reglin

Linear regression

Calling Sequence

`[a,b,sig]=reglin(x,y)`

Arguments

x, y, a, b, sig

numerical vectors or matrices.

Description

Solve the regression problem y=a*x+b in the least square sense. `sig` is the standard deviation of the residual. `x` and `y` are two matrices of size `x(p,n)` and `y(q,n)`, where `n` is the number of samples.

The estimator `a` is a matrix of size `(q,p)` and `b` is a vector of size `(q,1)`.

If `x` or `y` contains NaNs, use nanreglin.

Examples

```// Simulation of data for a(3, 5) and b(3, 1)
x  = rand(5, 100);
aa = testmatrix("magi", 5); aa = aa(1:3, :);
bb = [9; 10; 11];
y  = aa*x +bb*ones(1, 100)+ 0.1*rand(3, 100);

// Identification
[a, b, sig] = reglin(x, y);
max(abs(aa-a))
max(abs(bb-b))

// Another example: fitting a polynomial
f = 1:100; x = [f.*f; f];
y = [2 3]*x + 10*ones(f) + 0.1*rand(f);
[a, b] = reglin(x, y)```

Graphical example:

```// Generating an odd function (symmetric with respect to the origin)
x = -30:30;
y = x.^3;

// Extracting the least square mean of that function and displaying
[a, b] = reglin(x, y);
plot(x, y, "red")
plot(x, a*x+b)```