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Please note that the recommended version of Scilab is 2024.1.0. This page might be outdated.
See the recommended documentation of this function

# cat

concatenate several arrays

### Calling Sequence

`y=cat(dims,A1,A2,...,An)`

### Arguments

dims

a positive real scalar.

A1,A2,..An

scalars, vectors, matrices or mutlti-arrays, or cells arrays. A1,A2,...,An must have the same size (excluding the dimension number dims). size(A1,i)=size(A2,i)=...=size(An,i) for i different of dims and size(A1,dims), size(A2,dims),...,size(An,dims) can be different.

y

a scalar, vector, matrix or mutlti-array, y has the same type than A1,A2,...,An.

### Description

`y=cat(dims,A1,A2,...,An) :` y is the result of the concatenation of the input arguments A1,A2,...,An. if dims=1then the concatenation is done according to the rows : if dims=2 then concatenation is done according to the columns of the input arguments,...

if dims=1, then the concatenation is done according to the rows

A1=[1 2 3 ; 4 5 6]; A2=[7 8 9 ; 10 11 12]; y=cat(1,A1,A2) => y=[1 2 3 ; 4 5 61 ;7 8 9; 10 11 12]

if dims=2, then the concatenation is done according to the columns of the input arguments

A1=[1 2 3;4 5 6]; A2=[7 8 9 ;10 11 12]; y=cat(2,A1,A2) => y=[1 2 3 7 8 9 ; 4 5 6 10 11 12]

### Examples

```// first example : concatenation according to the rows
dims=1; A1=[1 2 3]; A2=[4 5 6 ; 7 8 9]; A3=[10 11 12]; y=cat(dims,A1,A2,A3)

// second example :  concatenation according to the columns
dims=2; A1=[1 2 3]'; A2=[4 5;7 8;9 10]; y=cat(dims,A1,A2)

// third example : concatenation according to the 3th dimension
dims=3; A1=matrix(1:12,[2,2,3]); A2=[13 14;15 16]; A3=matrix(21:36,[2,2,4]); y=cat(dims,A1,A2,A3)```