# strtod

parse and convert literal numbers STRings TO Decimal numbers

### Syntax

```[d, tails] = strtod(str)
[d, tails] = strtod(str, decimalseparator)```

### Arguments

str

single component, vector, or matrix of strings.

decimalseparator

the decimal separator chosen: "." (by default) or ",".

d

scalar, vector, or matrix of decimal numbers.

tails

a string or matrix of strings: remaining parts of `str` after the numerical heads (if any).

### Description

`[d, tails] = strtod(str)` parses each string of `str` and tries to interpret its content as a decimal number:

• If it succeeds, at least for the heading part of `str(i)`, the corresponding decimal number is returned in `d(i)`. If any, the trailing part of `str(i)` is ignored and returned in `tails(i)`; otherwise, `tails(i)` returns "".
• Otherwise, `d(i)` returns `%nan`, and `tails(i)` is the whole `str(i)`.

 Complex numbers: `strtod(..)` parses and returns only their real part, provided that it is writen before their imaginary part. `strtod(..)` does not acknowledge any thousands separator, neither " ", nor "," nor any other one. `strtod(..)` parses strings only against decimal numbers. It does not interpret hexadecimal, octal or other radix strings. `strtod(..)` does not interpret any name of Scilab predefined or user-defined variables or special strings for `%inf` or `%nan`. Hence we have: ```s = ["-0.034" "- 0.034" "+1234.5678" "1234 5678" "-.764" "+.432" "12,231.7" "-5.458,871" "1e43" "-3.5d-12" "-1.2+i" "i+1.2" "" "%inf" "Inf" "-Inf" "%i" "%pi" "%e" "%eps" "%F" "0x19B" "#14C4" "o5745" ] strtod(s)``` ``` s = !-0.034 - 0.034 +1234.5678 1234 5678 ! !-.764 +.432 12,231.7 -5.458,871 ! !1e43 -3.5d-12 -1.2+i i+1.2 ! ! %inf Inf -Inf ! !%i %pi %e %eps ! !%F 0x19B #14C4 o5745 ! --> strtod(s) ans = -0.034 Nan 1234.5678 1234. -0.764 0.432 12. -5.458 1.000D+43 -3.500D-12 -1.2 Nan Nan Nan Nan Nan Nan Nan Nan Nan Nan 0. Nan Nan ``` `strtod(..)` does not interpret escape sequences `"\n"`, `"\t"`, etc. This function is based on the strtod C function which causes different behaviors on Windows and Linux. In fact, on Windows, it is possible to use "d" or "D" for exponents, but it is not possible to use hexadecimal numbers.

### Examples

```s = ["123.556 abc " ".543"      "#58B" "0x73 " "%inf"
"-1.47e-71"    "67,432.57" " 23,5" "-,57" "Inf" ]
[num, trail] = strtod(s);
num, "/"+trail+"/"

// With "," as decimal separator:
[num, trail] = strtod(s, ",");
num, "/"+trail+"/"```

• evstr — 式を評価する
• isnum — 文字列が数字であるかどうかを調べる
• isdigit — 文字列の文字が0と9の間の数値であるかどうかを調べる
• bin2dec — 2進表現を整数に変換
• oct2dec — 8進数を10進数に変換
• hex2dec — 16進数から10進数への変換

### History

 バージョン 記述 5.5.0 Option decimalseparator introduced (SEP 97). 5.4.1 If `str` does not contain any numerical value, `d` now returns `Nan` instead of `0`.
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